Experts call attention to the fragmentation of Latin America; Biden would increase controls on issues such as the environment. The election, for the first time in 60 years of history, of an American as president of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), this month, represented a failure for Latin American countries and highlighted the enormous political fragmentation of the region.
This was one of the conclusions presented by experts in international relations who participated, this Friday (25th), in a seminar on the continental scenario, organized by the European Studies Program, by the University of Concepción (Chile) and by the National University of Quilmes (Argentina).
In this context, the speakers agreed, the result of the American presidential election will have a great impact.
In the view of former Chilean Chancellor Juan Gabriel Valdés, who was also ambassador to the United States and the United Nations, a possible re-election of President Donald Trump will accelerate the democratic and institutional deterioration of the United States and this will have consequences for the region. Trump's possible defeat would create serious problems for his allies, starting with Jair Bolsonaro's Brazil.
The link between Bolsonaro and Trump was considered by the former Chilean chancellor “a relationship of friends, which today weighs more than any agreement. They are comrades ”. For Professor Monica Hirst, from the Di Tella University of Argentina and from the Institute of Social and Political Studies (Iesp) of the State University of Rio de Janeiro (Uerj), Brazil and the USA currently have a relationship of idolatry and alignment, as part of a sect dynamics that unites and creates synergies between far-right governments.
The strong dispute between the United States and China, said Juan Tokatlián, vice-chancellor of the Torcuato Di Tella University, is today a fundamental element when analyzing the regional and global scenario.
“We Latin Americans have opted for fragmentation. One of the hopes that exists today is civil society activism. Without summit agreements, citizens, academics, workers and entrepreneurs can claim democracy and Latin America, ”said Tokatlian.
Tom Long, a professor at the University of Warwick, said that, in the dispute with China, the United States "could have more weight, due to its geographical proximity to Latin American countries."
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